Depression in Winter: Causes and Treatment
Depression in winter is also known as seasonal affective disorder or SAD while depression in summer is known as reverse seasonal affective disorder. This article will only center on the discussion of winter depression, its causes as well as treatment. SAD actually happens to both normal men and women during winter. This is not considered to be a rare mood problem but is a sign of a major depressive condition. Typically, the signs and symptoms are complicated but can be gone as the season changes.
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Causes of Depression in Winter
Generally depression in winter can be caused by the presence and lack of light in the person’s surrounding. According to researchers and scientists other causes might include the person’s genetics, substances in the brain, ions found in the air and the limited acquisition of vitamin D from sunlight.
Typically during the season depression in winter, days are becoming shorter and so exposure to sunlight is limited. A person suffering from SAD usually feels better after exposure to bright light. However, the time when the person needs the sunlight also matters. For people with SAD, getting up in the morning is hard because they tend to spend more time sleeping and does not feel the need to get up and do their usual work due to the absence of light. This condition worsens for people living in dark and cold places.
Treatment of Depression in Winter
The beginning of depression in winter can be gone as the season changes or as more sunlight penetrates the person’s surroundings. So, one best way to treat this condition is by putting more artificial light to brighten up the person’s house and surroundings at the right time. However, if the signs and symptoms for this condition deteriorate to include unusual craving for food, loss of energy by wanting to stay in bed the whole day, and feelings of sadness, emptiness and loneliness, a medical help should be secured for proper treatment and care.
Since the main cause of this kind of depression is unknown, treatment can range from exposure to outside world when the sun is up and improving the concentration of light coming from artificial sources during dawn and early morning. Daily strolling outside the dark places can also be considered for people with seasonal affective disorder.
Depression in winter is not a simple mood behavior problem associated with seasonal changes. It can be a symptom or sign for a major depression problem. For this reason, SAD should be addressed properly so more serious problems can be avoided, and so the person’s life can be saved an free of depression in winter.